of the British Armed Forces
|United Kingdom portal|
This is a list of equipment of the British Army currently in use. It includes small arms, combat vehicles, aircraft, watercraft, artillery and transport vehicles. The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. Since the end of the Cold War, the British Army has been deployed to a number of conflict zones, often as part of an expeditionary force, a coalition force or part of a United Nations peacekeeping operation.
To meet its commitments, the equipment of the Army is periodically updated and modified. Programs exist to ensure the Army is suitably equipped for both current conflicts and expected future conflicts, with any shortcomings in equipment addressed as Urgent Operational Requirements (UOR), which supplements planned equipment programmes.
Infantry section equipment
The British infantry section consists of eight soldiers who are normally organised into two four-soldier infantry fireteams. While equipment formations can be tailored as required by section and platoon commanders, infantry sections are usually issued with the following:
- Six L85A2/A3 rifles, two of which are usually equipped with an L123A2/A3 underslung grenade launcher (UGL)
- One L129A1 sharpshooter rifle
- One L7A2 general purpose machine gun (can be replaced by an additional L85A2/A3 rifle at commanding officer's discretion for a total of seven L85A2/A3 rifles)
- L3A1 bayonet; one for each L85A2/A3 and L129A1 rifles in the section.
- One L128A1 combat shotgun for use by the section point soldier (point position is subject to rotation between individual members of the section)
- Two NLAW anti-tank weapons
- L72A9 or L2A1 anti-structure munitions
- L109A2 high explosive grenades
- L132A1 smoke grenades and/or L84A3 red phosphorus smoke grenades
- Vision systems
- Sight Unit Small Arms, Trilux (SUSAT) or SpecterOS Lightweight Day Sights (LDS)
- Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight (ACOG) to be used with the L129A1 rifle
- Image intensified Common Weapon Sights
- Laser Light Module Vario Ray Adaptive Target Acquisition Modules
- TAM-14 small Thermal Imaging System
- Head mounted Night Vision System (HNVS), based on the American AN/PVS-14.
- VIPIR-2+ thermal imaging weapon sights
- Commander's target locating systems (CTLS)
- Communications equipment
|Glock 17 (L131A1), Glock 19 (L137A1)||United Kingdom||Semi-automatic pistol||9×19mm||Adopted as the new standard issue sidearm to replace the L9A1 pistol, the L47A1 (Walther PP) pistol, and, eventually, the SIG Sauer pistols. The L131A1 is a double action sidearm used for close combat with a magazine capacity of 17 rounds; where deemed appropriate, it is the primary weapon of personnel working in operational staff appointments and vehicle commanders and carried as a backup weapon by frontline personnel. Over 25,000 were purchased for use by all branches of the British Armed Forces. The compact Glock 19 variant was also adopted.|
|SIG Sauer P226 (L105A1/A2, L106A1/A2), P228 (L107A1), P229 (L117A1/A2)|| Germany
|Semi-automatic pistol||9×19mm||The SIG Sauer P226 and its compact variants were originally used by the Special Air Service, with additional quantities being purchased under an UOR for use by regular Army units in Iraq and Afghanistan to supplement the L9A1 Browning Hi-Power pistol. The P229 (L117A1/A2) was also a backup weapon for the Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit. Although the L131A1 was later adopted as the replacement for the L9A1, P226 pistols will continue to be used until the end of their life cycles.|
|L85A2, L85A3, L22A2||United Kingdom||Assault rifle (L85A2/A3)
|5.56×45mm||Standard issue assault rifle with an effective range of 300 to 600 metres. Can be fitted with SUSAT, ACOG, Elcan SpecterOS 4X or Thermal Viper 2 sights. The LLM-Vario Ray laser aiming module and the L123 Underslung Grenade Launcher (UGL) can also be attached. A shortened carbine variant, the L22A2, is used primarily by vehicle and helicopter crews for self-defence and by dog handlers. As the L85A1, it replaced the L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle as the standard rifle from 1987 to 1994 when the last L1A1 rifles were removed from service. L85A1 rifles were subsequently upgraded to L85A2 standard from 2001 to 2006, with a railed handguard and a vortex flash eliminator being introduced from 2007. On 11 April 2016, the British Ministry of Defence announced the L85A3 upgrade programme to extend the life of existing weapons to 2025, with changes including upper receiver modifications, a new model of railed handguard to provide a full-length rail system, and a Flat Dark Earth coating for improved camouflage. An initial quantity of 5,000 rifles was upgraded to the new L85A3 standard, with further tranches being upgraded on an ongoing basis.|
(as L119A1, L119A2)
|Carbine||5.56×45mm||Used by the Special Air Service since 2000,[page needed] the 16 Air Assault Brigade's Pathfinder Platoon, the Special Forces Support Group (which includes 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment), and the Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit. It has been upgraded from the A1 to the A2 variant. The Pathfinder Platoon used to carry the full-length C7 version before transitioning to the L119A1 as a result of the C7 weapons wearing out.|
|Heckler & Koch HK33
|Carbine||5.56x45mm||The HK53 version of the HK33 is used by the Special Air Service and the Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit.|
|Heckler & Koch HK417
|Battle rifle||7.62×51mm||Battle rifle HK417 used by the Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit and UKSF. 12, 16 and 20-inch variants are in use.|
|MCX||United States||Assault rifle||.300 AAC Blackout||The integrally suppressed variant of the SIG-Sauer MCX has been adopted in .300 Blackout by UKSF to replace the MP5SD3s.|
|M6A2 UCIW||United States||Carbine||5.56x45mm||The M6A2 UCIW (Ultra Compact Individual Weapon) model of the LWRC M6 has recently been adopted in limited numbers by the UK Special Forces, apparently intended for use by UKSF dog handlers, team leaders, signallers and for use in vehicles and whilst conducting covert reconnaissance and close protection, replacing the 9×19mm MP5K in the latter role. The weapon is often seen in Afghanistan with a SureFire suppressor and either an Aimpoint Micro or EO Tech optics.|
|L129A1||United Kingdom||Designated marksman rifle||7.62×51mm||The primary designated marksman rifle, equipped with an ACOG optical sight for long-range engagements. There is also a Sniper Support Weapon version fitted with a 12x Schmidt & Bender scope and a suppressor for use by the second man in each sniper team.|
|L3A1||United Kingdom||Socket bayonet||The L3A1 bayonet has a hollow handle that fits onto the muzzle of the L85 rifle with the blade offset to the side so that the rifle can be fired while the bayonet is fitted. It is shaped to produce good penetration when thrust and has a ribbed section for rope cutting. The bayonet can be used as a knife when needed. The L3A1's scabbard features a saw blade for use on wood, a sharpening stone and a bottle opener. The scabbard and bayonet can be combined to form a wire cutter. A rail-mounted adaptor was developed to allow the bayonet to be used with the L129A1 Sharpshooter Rifle.|
Long range rifles
|L115A3, L115A4||United Kingdom||Long range rifle||8.6x70 mm (.338 Lapua Magnum)||Now regarded as the primary precision rifle for all British military trained snipers. It is equipped with a 25x scope, a suppressor, a folding stock, a five-round .338 Lapua Magnum magazine and has an effective range in excess of 1,100 m (3,600 ft). Corporal of Horse Craig Harrison currently holds the record for the third longest recorded sniper shot in history at 2,475 meters (2,707 yd) with this rifle.|
|United Kingdom||Long range rifle||7.62×51mm||Entered service in 1985, has an effective range of around 800 metres and is designed to perform in both desert and arctic conditions. The L118A1 has largely been replaced in front-line service by the L129A1 for section marksmen and the larger-calibre L115A3/A4 for snipers. The integrally-suppressed L118A1 AWC variant is used exclusively by the SAS.|
|AI AXMC||United Kingdom||Long range rifle||12.7x99 mm||Long range standalone .50 BMG anti-materiel rifle that is based on and replaced the AW50.|
|L121A1||United Kingdom||Anti-materiel rifle||12.7x99 mm||The L121A1 (AW50F) is intended to engage a variety of targets, including radar installations, light vehicles (including light armoured vehicles), field fortifications, boats and ammunition dumps. The standard ammunition combines a penetrator with high-explosive and incendiary effects in a single round. It is used by the SAS.|
|L135A1 (Barrett M82)||United States||Anti-materiel rifle||12.7x99 mm||Recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-materiel rifle. The British Army uses the M82A1 under the L135A1 Long Range Precision Anti-Structure (LRPAS) Rifle designation.|
|Heckler & Koch MP5 (L92A1), L91A1, L80A1, L90A1||Germany||Submachine gun||9×19mm||Used by UKSF and the Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit. The weapon comes in multiple variants, from the standard L92A1 (MP5A3, pictured) and the integrally-suppressed L91A1 (MP5SD3), to the more easily concealable L80A1 (MP5K) and L90A1 (MP5KA1), which are stockless and have vertical foregrips.|
|L108A1, L110A2, L110A3
|Belgium||Light machine gun||5.56×45 mm
|The 5.56 mm FN Minimi saw use with the Special Air Service from Operation Granby onwards, with the shorter-barrelled FN Minimi Para being adopted as the L110A1 Light Machine Gun for regular infantry fireteams during Operation Telic. Both variants are belt-fed and equipped with a fixed, folding bipod, with the L110A1-A3 being capable of sustained suppressive fire out to 300 metres. The L110A2 and L110A3 are no longer in service with regular infantry following a review of their usage in dismounted close combat infantry platoons, though weapons in service with Joint Force Command users were retained.|
|L7A2 General Purpose Machine Gun||Belgium||General-purpose machine gun||7.62×51 mm||The designated general purpose machine gun (GPMG) for sustained fire out to 1,800 m. It is used by two-man teams in specialised machine gun platoons for battalion-level fire support,; it can also be carried by foot soldiers and was reinstated as the standard section machine gun following the removal of the L110A3 from service. Variants of the GPMG are mounted on most ground vehicles within the British Army as well as some helicopters.|
|L111A1 Heavy Machine Gun||United States||Heavy machine gun||12.7x99 mm||The L111A1 is the British Army version of the American M2 Browning. It can be attached to both armoured and soft-skin vehicles, or a ground-mount tripod. The weapon has an effective range of 2,200 metres.|
|L128A1||Italy||Semi-automatic shotgun||12 bore||Standard issue combat shotgun used by an infantry section's point man. The L128A1 has a capacity of eight rounds and a maximum effective range of 140 m (460 ft) for solid shot and 40 m (130 ft) for buckshot.|
|L74A1, L74A2||United States||Pump-action shotgun||12 bore||Used by UKSF as a breaching shotgun.|
|L123A2, L123A3, L17A1||Germany||Underslung grenade launcher||40×46 mm||Variant of the AG36 grenade launcher introduced during the SA80A2 upgrade and issued on a scale of two per infantry section. Compared to the preceding Rifle Grenade General Service, the underslung grenade launcher offers low recoil, ease of use, reduced ammunition weight and the ability to have a chambered grenade at the ready without affecting the ability to fire the L85 rifle. Ammunition natures used include fragmentation, HEDP, white illuminating parachute, infra-red illuminating parachute, and red phosphorus. The L17A1 version is used with the L119A1/A2 rifles.|
|L134A1||Germany||Grenade machine gun||40×53 mm||The L134A1 is used for the suppression of enemy infantry and can be mounted on both armoured vehicles and tripods. It combines the advantages of a HMG and a mortar in one; delivering a high rate of fire with fragmentation effect. The weapon has a 320rpm rate of fire and an effective range of 1,500 m (4,900 ft)-2,000 m (6,600 ft).|
|L83A1/A2, L132A1||United Kingdom||Smoke screening hand grenade||Fuse||Used for concealing unit movements.|
|L68A1 Green, L69A1 Orange, L70A1 Red, L71A1 Blue, L100A1 Yellow, L101A1 Purple, L152A1 Green, L153A1 Orange, L154A1 Red, L155A1 Yellow, L157A1 Purple, L158A1 Turquoise||United Kingdom||Signal smoke hand grenade||Fuse||Used for ground-to-ground and ground-to-air signalling and for marking target and landing zones.|
|PE7, PE8||United Kingdom||Plastic explosive (RDX-based)||Detonator||Replacements for the long-serving PE4 plastic explosive which had been rendered obsolete by new taggant requirements and by technical limitations associated with it being predominantly issued in stick form. PE7 was developed from Eurenco's HEXOMAX explosive and is available in 500g block (L20A1) and 2 kg slab (L21A1) forms. PE8 was developed by Chemring and is available in 2 kg slab (L22A1) form only. Both PE7 and PE8 slabs are issued in a 20 kg logistic pack containing two 10 kg bulk packs that have five 2 kg slabs each, with the 10 kg packs being capable of use for demolitions as a complete unit; the 2 kg slabs themselves contain four 500g blocks (designated L23A1 in the case of PE8 slabs) that can be removed and used individually.|
|L1A1||United Kingdom||Conical and linear user filled demolition charges||Detonator||User-filled plastic explosive containers that have replaced pre-prepared demolition charge variants in British service due to their lower cost (both in terms of acquisition and in terms of storage since unfilled containers can be stored indefinitely while charges such as the L1A1 Necklace Charge had a shelf life of ten years) and their improved safety and ease of use. Both containers consist of a plastic body with a copper lining (with the conical container also including four wooden legs for an adequate standoff distance) and can be used in wet conditions without any reduction in effectiveness unless a body of water is present between the underside of the copper lining and the target; the conical container is filled with 12 kg of PE8 prior to deployment and produces a hole in the target, while the linear container is filled with 8 kg of PE8 and produces a linear cut in the target.|
|L26A1||United Kingdom||Bangalore torpedo demolition charge||Detonator||The Chemring-produced L26A1 was chosen to fulfill a MOD requirement for an improved bangalore torpedo design, and is lighter and easier to use than its predecessors. The torpedo consists of an aluminium body filled with two kilograms of DPX1 explosive; detonation produces enhanced blast and fragmentation effects which in turn provide an enhanced cutting capability against both simple and complex wire entanglements. The L26A1 is also capable of cutting through up to six millimetres of steel plating. Up to eight L26A1s can be combined with one another, with the resulting assembly capable of defeating obstacles that are up to eight metres in length.|
|L9A8, L17A1, L18A1||United Kingdom||HE blast anti-tank mine, demolition charge (improvised)||Pressure or detonator||Primary anti-tank mine. During the Gulf War, it was found to be highly resistant to mine ploughs, simply rotating under it to detonate below the vehicle, disabling some M60 tanks of the USMC after Iraq captured L9s from the Kuwaiti Army. During Operation Herrick, barmines were split in half for use as improvised demolition charges.|
|L84A2, L84A3||Germany||Red phosphorus smoke screening hand grenade||Fuse||Red phosphorus smoke grenade which is effective against visual sight and aiming equipment, night-vision devices, sensors operating in the near IR-spectrum and laser range finders. A third iteration is currently in service.|
|L109A2||Switzerland||HE hand grenade||Fuse||British version of the Swiss HG 85 Grenade. It differs from the original in that it has a matte black safety clip similar to the American M67 grenade. It has a 3–4 second fuse delay (climate dependent), contains 155g of high explosive and has an effective casualty radius of 15 m (49 ft).|
|M18A1 Anti-Personnel Mine||United States||Command-detonated anti-personnel mine||Remote||Used for specialist and defensive purposes.|
Indirect fire weapons
|L16A2 81mm Mortar||United Kingdom||Mortar||81 mm||Operated by a three-man team. It is often vehicle-borne; in mechanised infantry battalions it is mounted and fired from a Bulldog armoured vehicle. Around 470 are in service.|
Portable anti-material weapons
|NLAW||United Kingdom / Sweden||Anti-tank weapon||150 mm||Man-portable, short range fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile system designed for non-expert use. It is designed to "rapidly knock out any main battle tank in just one shot by striking it from above".|
|Starstreak MANPADS||United Kingdom||Anti-air weapon||22 mm x 3||Alongside the LML and Stormer mounted versions, the British Armed Forces also possess the high speed Starstreak Missile on a shoulder mounted and man portable launcher.|
|L2A1 ASM||Israel||Anti-structure weapon||90 mm||Disposable, man-portable guided anti-structure weapon. It is designed to destroy hardened structures, such as bunkers, buildings and other fixed positions.|
|L1A2, L2A1||Sweden||Anti-tank weapon||84 mm||AT4 CS HP (L1A2) and HE (L2A1) projectiles were purchased as an interim replacement for the LAW 80 while the NLAW system was being developed.|
|Javelin||United States||Anti-tank weapon||127 mm||Man-portable medium range anti-tank missile system. It fires a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead and can penetrate explosive reactive armour. Compared to the American original, the version in British service has a more effective sight system and a tripod for improved firing and observation.|
Many soldiers are now equipped with the new Virtus helmet (Revision Batlskin Cobra Plus) which provides increased blunt impact protection, has a lighter weight than the preceding Mk7, can be fitted with face and mandible guards for certain roles, is specially shaped to allow effective weapon usage while in a prone position and wearing body armour, and features a permanent universal night vision mount and a scalable counterweight attached to the helmet's rear in order to ease strain on the user's neck while a night vision device is equipped.
Prior to this, the standard helmet in service was the Mk7 which replaced the older Mk6 and Mk6A helmets on operations. The Mk7 helmet offered the same protection as the Mk6A but had a lower weight and was equipped with a new harness that kept the helmet more stable on the head when night vision equipment was fitted. The shape of the helmet was better integrated with new weapon sights compared to the Mk6A, making it easier to use in a variety of fighting positions. All helmets allow the soldier to wear a respirator, hearing protection, goggles and/or a radio headset as necessary.
Combat body armour
The British Army utilises three combat body armour systems. Enhanced Combat Body Armour, a soft body armour vest that was first introduced in the 1980s and can be augmented with hard armour plates, was used on operations until the introduction of the Osprey body armour series in 2006 and was then relegated to training activities for which it remains in use; additionally, the hard armour plates were repurposed for use as Osprey body armour's side protection component. Osprey body armour, constituting a MOLLE vest that can carry both soft body armour inserts and front, rear, and side hard body armour plates with the option of adding neck and deltoid protection, went through several iterations with the last of these being the Mk 4 and Mk 4A 'Osprey Assault' vests; these provide the same level of ballistic protection as older models while improving the comfort of the wearer by being closer fitting, less bulky, and easier to move in, with the Mk 4A version achieving a further weight reduction by switching from a cummerbund to a smaller side plate pouch. The hard armour plates, which were made thinner to further increase mobility and comfort, are carried in internal pockets as opposed to the external pockets of Enhanced Combat Body Armour and earlier Osprey vests. A ribbed material lining on the inside of the Mk 4 vests improves breathability in hotter climates such as that of Afghanistan. Both Mk 4 vests have a higher number of MOLLE loops compared to earlier versions and introduced new pouches such as a "commander's pouch" for holding stationery and open magazine pouches with elastic draw-cords for easier access to ammunition (though conventional pouches with Velcro flaps and Fastex fastenings were also included).
Osprey Mk 4 and Mk 4A body armour has mostly been replaced by the Scalable Tactical Vest component of Virtus body armour, which is even lighter and closer-fitting and can have its level of protection more closely scaled to the prevailing threat type. The vest also features a quick-release mechanism to aid safe extraction from hazardous situations such as burning vehicles or drowning and a dynamic weight distribution system which, when linked to a soldier's waist belt, aids in spreading the soldier's load across the back, shoulders, and hips; a mechanism in the small of the back allows the wearer to adjust the weight bias depending on the situation.
Ancillary to regular body armour is a three-tier pelvic armour system issued since 2010 to mitigate against shrapnel and other blast effects. The first layer is a pair of underwear shorts manufactured from a ballistic silk material. The second layer consists of detachable pelvic body armour that is intended to be worn while 'outside the wire' to meet the greater threats faced by soldiers on patrol; it can be rolled up and clipped to a belt and then pulled through the legs to form a protective pouch, ensuring that mobility is not impeded while worn. The third layer consists of knee-length ballistic shorts worn over a soldier's combat trousers, offering coverage of the upper leg and wider abdominal region and designed for use by soldiers operating hand-held metal detectors to search for explosive devices or otherwise serving in a combat role where greater levels of protection are required.
By January 2015, over 300,000 General Service Respirators had been delivered to replace the older S10 respirator. These respirators are also used by the Royal Navy, Royal Air Force and Royal Fleet Auxiliary.
In 2012, the MOD purchased a newly designed range of brown combat boots from Haix, Alt-Berg, and other manufacturers for the Army, Royal Navy and RAF to replace the black and desert combat footwear previously worn. Five different types of boots, developed to match the Multi-Terrain Pattern uniform, are available to Armed Forces personnel depending on where they are based and what role they are in. Each of the five types comes in two different styles, with personnel being able to wear the particular style they find most comfortable. Black boots have been retained for wear with most non-camouflage uniforms as well as units on parade in full dress uniform, such as regiments performing ceremonial duties in central London.
- Desert Combat – worn by dismounted troops conducting medium to high levels of activity in desert type environments with temperatures exceeding 40 °C
- Desert Patrol – worn by drivers/armoured troops conducting lower levels of activity in desert type environments exceeding 40 °C
- Temperate Combat – worn by dismounted troops for medium to high levels of activity in temperate (European) climates
- Patrol – worn by mounted troops (drivers/armoured troops) taking part in lower levels of activity in temperate (European) climates
- Cold Wet Weather – worn by dismounted troops for medium to high levels of activity in temperatures down to −20 °C.
Before the adoption of the brown boots, British troops were issued with desert combat boots manufactured by Meindl and Lowa for use in Afghanistan. Both boots remain listed as part of the MOD's 'Black Bag' of operational clothing despite their official replacement by the brown boots, and may be worn by individual soldiers in lieu of the issue footwear.
Personal Role Radio
A Personal Role Radio (PRR) is distributed to every member of an eight-strong infantry section.
Load carrying equipment
Soldiers need to carry ammunition, water, food, protective equipment, and various other supplies; Personal Load Carrying Equipment (PLCE), officially known as 95 Pattern Webbing, is the current webbing system used by the British Army for this purpose. The webbing consists of a belt, a yoke harness, and various belt pouches, as well as two daysacks for use with the Combat Order; these can be attached to a larger 'Bergen' rucksack for use with the Marching Order. Associated with PLCE is a series of similar load carrying equipment and rucksacks. PLCE webbing is capable of holding everything that a soldier needs to operate for 24 hours without resupply in its Fighting Order, for up to two or three days without resupply in its Combat or Patrol Order and for up to two weeks without resupply in its Marching Order.
PLCE is now very unlikely to be spotted during operations due to the introduction of the Osprey body armour series and the later Virtus scalable tactical vest, both of which feature MOLLE loops for direct attachment of load carrying pouches as well as various associated load carrying items such as rucksacks that also feature MOLLE attachment loops, though PLCE webbing produced in the newer MTP pattern does exist and, due to its durability and the quantity produced, the webbing is often seen in use during training exercises.
Future Integrated Soldier Technology
The Future Integrated Soldier Technology (FIST) is a programme under development by the Ministry of Defence. The programme is designed to achieve enhanced military effect through the use of advanced technologies improving the situational awareness, lethality and survivability of soldiers. Ultimately, the programme is part of the wider British Armed Forces doctrine of network-enabled capability. 35,000 sets of kit are expected to be bought and issued between 2015 and 2020. This equipment is designed to bring the British infantryman up to standards and link with new technology currently employed, including the new underslung grenade launcher for the SA80 and the deployed Bowman communications network. It is not intended that every soldier be equipped with FIST: instead, unit commanders will request FIST kits as necessary so that they can be tailored to the situation and mission aims.
|Challenger 2||United Kingdom||Main battle tank||227||Equips three regular and one Yeomanry (reserve) Armoured Regiments of the Royal Armoured Corps. To be reduced to 148 upgraded Challenger 3 models by 2030.|
|Ajax||United Kingdom||Armoured fighting vehicle||21||Current, Ajax user validation trials complete, noise and vibration problem solved.|
|CVR(T) series of vehicles||United Kingdom||Armoured fighting vehicle||654||Scimitar recce (170), APC, command and ARV variants equip three Armoured Cavalry Regiments of the Royal Armoured Corps and their REME detachments. APC and command variants also in use with the Royal Artillery, while an ambulance variant is operated by the 1st Armoured Medical Regiment. Some variants have been partially replaced by the Iveco LMV, entire family to be replaced by 589 Ajax (Scout SV) starting 2017.|
|Warrior||United Kingdom||Armoured fighting vehicle||721||Equips four battalions of Armoured Infantry and their REME detachments. A small number are also used by the Royal Artillery for command and observation. The programme to upgrade them was cancelled in March 2021 and the vehicle is to be gradually phased out and replaced by Boxer|
|Bulldog||United Kingdom||Armoured fighting vehicle||851||FV 430 variants remain in service with the infantry, as command vehicles, 81mm mortar carriers, ambulances and recovery vehicles.|
|Mastiff||United Kingdom||Protected mobility vehicle||387||The 6×6 Mastiff and 4×4 Ridgback equip three battalions of Heavy Protected Mobility Infantry, the vehicles can be equipped with either a 12.7mm heavy machine gun or a 40mm grenade machine gun. The 6×6 Wolfhound is a protected tactical support variant of the Mastiff.|
|Jackal||United Kingdom||Protected mobility vehicle||431||The 4×4 Jackal equips three Light Cavalry Regiments of the Royal Armoured Corps. The vehicle is also used for convoy protection and various configurations exist for the SAS too. The 6×6 Coyote is a protected tactical support variant of the jackal.|
|Foxhound||United Kingdom||Protected mobility vehicle||398||Equips six battalions of Light Protected Mobility Infantry in 1 (UK) Division plus 2 battalions in Cyprus.|
|Husky||United States||Protected mobility vehicle||218||Protected tactical support vehicle.|
|RWMIK Land Rover||United Kingdom||Protected patrol vehicle||371||The Revised Weapons Mounted Installation Kit equips three Yeomanry (reserve) Light Cavalry Regiments of the Royal Armoured Corps. The vehicle is also used for convoy protection and various configurations exist for the SAS too.|
|TPz Fuchs||Germany||CBRN reconnaissance||11||Equips Falcon Squadron, Royal Tank Regiment.|
|Panther||Italy||Command and liaison||401||Armoured command and liaison vehicle for commanders and officers in various cavalry and armoured formations. Entire fleet withdrawn from service in April 2018.|
Artillery and air-defence
|L118 Light Gun||United Kingdom||Towed howitzer||126||The L118 Light Gun is used by four field artillery regiments: 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery, 4th Regiment Royal Artillery, 7th Parachute Regiment Royal Horse Artillery and 29th Commando Regiment Royal Artillery. It can be towed by a medium-weight vehicle (such as a Pinzgauer) or carried around the battlefield underslung by Chinook helicopters.|
|L131 AS-90||United Kingdom||Self-propelled artillery||89||The L131 AS-90 is a 155mm self-propelled howitzer and is the largest piece of field artillery in the British Army. The L131 is operated by three field regiments of the Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Artillery: 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery, 19th Regiment Royal Artillery.|
|GMLRS||United States||Rocket artillery||29||The Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS), operated by the 26th Regiment Royal Artillery. To be upgraded to use the Guided MLRS Extended Range (GMLRS-ER) missile and the Precision Strike Missile (PrSM) by 2025, which have ranges of 150 km (93.21 mi) and 499 km (310.06 mi), respectively.|
|Rapier||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile system||24||The Rapier Field Standard C is a Short Range Air Defence System (SHORAD), which is compact, mobile and air-portable, making it suitable for worldwide operations. It is a 24-hour, all-weather guided weapon system with the capability to engage two targets at once. Operated by the 16th Regiment Royal Artillery across four batteries, one of which is permanently based in the Falkland Islands. The Rapier is being phased out starting in January 2022.|
|Sky Sabre||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile system||Sky Sabre is the Army's version of the Common Anti-Aircraft Modular Missile (CAMM), mounted on an 8x8 MAN SV. Sky Sabre became operational in January 2022 and is replacing the Rapier systems in the British Army.|
|Starstreak SP HVM||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile system||62||The Starstreak SP HVM is mounted on the Alvis Stormer AFV with an 8-round launcher and internal stowage for a further 12 missiles. The Starstreak HVM (High Velocity Missile) is designed to counter threats from very high performance, low-flying aircraft and fast 'pop up' strikes by helicopters. Operated by 12th Regiment Royal Artillery.|
|Starstreak LML||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile system||145||The Starstreak Lightweight Multiple Launcher (LML) is a short-range, highly mobile air defence system that holds three missiles ready for firing and can be used as either a stationary launch unit or mounted on a light vehicle, such as a Land Rover. Starstreak can also be used as a surface attack weapon, capable of penetrating the frontal armour of even IFV's. Operated by 12th Regiment Royal Artillery.|
Mobile artillery monitoring battlefield radar
The Mobile Artillery Monitoring Battlefield Radar (or Mobile Artillery Monitoring Battlefield Asset) is a counter-battery radar. It detects enemy artillery projectiles fired by one or more weapons and from their trajectories locates the position of the weapon that fired it. It has a detection range of up to 30 km and can process up-to 100 projectiles simultaneously. It is mounted on a Bandvagn 206 (Bv206) all-terrain vehicle. Five vehicles are operated by the 5th Regiment Royal Artillery.
The Exactor is a previously classified purchase of the Rafael Spike-NLOS missile system. The system is primarily used for precise indirect counter barrage attacks at long ranges (30 km (19 mi)) where the GMLRS would result in too much collateral damage. It originally consisted of six Mk2 or Mk4 missiles mounted on an M113 chassis, of which 12 were purchased directly from the Israeli Defence Force with a further two chassis leased.
In 2010, the United Kingdom hired Rafael to produce an improved Mk 5 missile and also ditched the M-113 based launchers as they were poorly air-conditioned and difficult to keep running. These new missiles were mounted on a simpler flatbed trailer containing four missiles each. This new system was dubbed the Exactor 2 by the U.K. Ministry of Defence. 18 such systems now exist within the Royal Artillery in six batteries of three.
Centurion is a C-RAM system based on the 20mm Phalanx CIWS, originally acquired for use in Basra, Iraq. It is operated by 16th Regiment Royal Artillery, and intended to intercept incoming rockets, shells and mortars out to a 1.2 km square area. They are maintained by Babcock International in the United Kingdom. A total of ten sets were purchased in 2005, but since then four have been reconverted back to the maritime variant.
Engineering and logistics
|Trojan||United Kingdom||Assault breacher vehicle||32||Trojan is based on the Challenger 2 chassis and is designed to breach through enemy defences, such as walls or fortifications, and clear paths through minefields. The Trojan is equipped with the Python Minefield Breaching System.|
|Titan||United Kingdom||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||33||The Titan is an armoured bridge launcher based on the Challenger 2 chassis with the capability to deploy a bridge up to 60 meters long.|
|CRARRV||United Kingdom||Armoured recovery vehicle||75||Based on the Challenger 1 chassis and is designed to recover and repair damaged or incapacitated tanks.|
|Terrier||United Kingdom||Combat engineering vehicle||56||Provides mobility support (obstacle and route clearance), counter-mobility (digging of anti-tank ditches and other obstacles) and survivability (digging of trenches and Armoured Fighting Vehicle slots).|
|Alvis Unipower||United Kingdom||Tank bridge transporter||139||The Tank bridge transporter (TBT) has the same cross-country performance as a tank even when fully loaded. It can carry a No 10 Bridge or 2 × No 12 Bridges (Close Support Bridge) of the BR90 family of bridges. It can deploy, drop off and load bridges independently, but it cannot recover them.|
|Leyland, Foden||United Kingdom||DROPS||1,217||The Leyland MMLC is the Medium Mobility Load Carrier (MMLC) using a standard pallet and rack system and forms the logistic backbone of the British Army. The Foden IMMLC is the Improved Medium Mobility Load Carrier and is used primarily as an ammunition carrier in support of AS90 155mm self-propelled guns.
These DROPS vehicles are planned to be withdrawn in March 2021 to be replaced by 382 MAN EPLS Mk.3 vehicles.
|JCB HMEE||United Kingdom||Talisman counter-IED||17||Heavily armoured excavator. It forms part of the Talisman counter-IED system. The MoD has committed to bring the HMEE along with all related Talisman elements (Minewolf, Tarantula Hawk, Buffalo, Panama and Talon) into the core budget.|
|Buffalo||United States||Talisman counter-IED||19||Mine resistant ambush protected (MRAP) armoured vehicle, which forms part of the British Army's Talisman counter-IED system.|
|Oshkosh HET||United States||Heavy equipment transporter||91||The Oshkosh HET 1070F is the Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) of the British Army. The Heavy Equipment Transporters are capable of carrying a 72-tonne Main Battle Tank and are responsible for the strategic transportation of armoured vehicles over land.|
|MTVR||United States||Close support tanker||357||The Oshkosh Wheeled Tanker forms the backbone of the British Army's bulk fuel and water transportation. The Tanker can be fitted with enhanced blast-proof armour for driver protection and General Purpose Machine Guns.|
|M3 Amphibious Rig||Germany||Amphibious bridging vehicle||27||The M3 Amphibious Rigs are vehicles operated by a 3-man crew. The M3 Rigs can drive into the water, open up and join together to create a bridge of varying length. A 100m bridge can be constructed using 8 rigs.|
|MAN SV||Germany||Support vehicle||7,484||The MAN family of support vehicles have gradually replaced all 4-tonne, 6-tonne and 14-tonne cargo vehicles currently in service. Consisting of 6/9/15 tonne variants, 4x4/6x6/8x8 retrospective. They have good mobility and the ability to be fitted with armour and General Purpose Machine Guns.|
|Land Rover Wolf||United Kingdom||Utility vehicle||12,000||The Land Rover Wolf is a militarised version of the Land Rover Defender. They can be found in service with the British Army worldwide, and can be armed with one 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun and a 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun. The Land Rover Wolf is designated as a Truck Utility Light (TUL – Defender 90) and Medium (TUM – Defender 110).|
|Land Rover Battle Field Ambulance (BFA)||United Kingdom||Battlefield ambulance||116||The Land Rover Pulse battlefield ambulance has full medical facilities with the capacity to hold up to six seated casualties or four casualties on stretchers. The vehicle can be airlifted.|
|Pinzgauer||Austria||All-terrain truck||190||The Pinzgauer is a 4×4 and 6×6 tactical support vehicle used by the Royal Artillery to tow artillery pieces, such as the Rapier and L118 Light gun.|
|Mowag Duro||Switzerland||All-terrain truck||190||118 Duro II and 48 Duro III are operated by communications and intelligence units. A further six Duro II and 18 Duro III are tasked with mine clearance and bomb disposal units – these have become known as Tellar and Citizen in British Army service.|
C vehicle fleet
The job of the Royal Engineers is to restrict the enemy's ability to advance, while also allowing friendly combat forces the freedom to maneuver as necessary. Other tasks undertaken are bomb disposal, the construction of fortifications, runways, roads and bridges and the improvement of existing infrastructure to support operations – such as improving existing roads for logistic convoys. To achieve this, the Royal Engineers operate a large and diverse fleet of vehicles. At present, the C vehicle fleet is provided by a private finance initiative (PFI) and consists of some 2,500 vehicles of over 160 types of "earthmoving plant, Engineer Construction Plant (ECP) and rough terrain Materials Handling Equipment (MHE)".
The provider of the PFI is Amey Lex Consortium (ALC), which was awarded a 15-year contract in 2005 for £600 million. The handing over of the C vehicle fleet to a PFI has improved overall efficiency, with ALC selecting common chassis for multiple roles and significantly reducing equipment types. This has led to reduced training needs in personnel, commonality of spares and an overall reduction in the logistic footprint and cost of maintenance. ALC maintains the fleet at various degrees of readiness, with a large pool of the vehicles being modified and adapted for military use – however, the majority of the fleet is maintained at commercial standards. The fleet is dispersed worldwide to accommodate both existing and future operations. When in use, the vehicles are essentially being "hired on an ad hoc basis". To help sustain the C vehicle fleet on operations, the PFI includes a logistics support package.
There are a number of all-terrain vehicles in service with the British Army. The Supacat ATMP is a lightweight 6×6 used by airborne and air-mobile forces. It can carry up to 8 troops with a standard NATO pallet of stores and ammunition. The Springer all-terrain vehicle is a light-role 4×2 load carriage platform, which can self-load a 1-ton pallet. Each vehicle is equipped with an 8,000 lb (3,600 kg) self-recovery winch and sand ladders, which act as loading ramps for a cargo pallet. Approximately 900 Grizzly 450 quad bikes are used as light transport for things such as mortars, ammunition and general supplies. Finally, the Harley Davidson MT350E and Honda R250 motorcycles are used by dispatch riders and for a variety of liaison and traffic control tasks.
The Special forces maintain a unique fleet of vehicles to support their covert operations. In 2001, 65 Supacat High Mobility Transporter (HMT) 400 vehicles were ordered under Project Minacity after being in development for a special forces protected vehicle requirement since the late 1990s. The Minacity vehicles entered service in 2003 in Afghanistan. In 2008, 24 Australian Bushmaster armoured vehicles were purchased under an UOR for the SAS in Iraq, as these provided all-round protection unlike the Minacity. It is fitted with additional armour, counter-IED electronics, and a .50 calibre machine gun mounted in a RWS. In addition, other vehicles known to be in service are: 60 Toyota Hilux for special forces mobility; and 78 ACMAT VLRAs as tactical support vehicles to resupply and sustain special forces on operations. In August 2016, the BBC reported that the Jankel Toyota Land Cruiser-based Al-Thalab long range patrol vehicle was being used in Syria.
|AgustaWestland Apache||United Kingdom||Rotorcraft||Attack||2004||42||50|| To be replaced by the AH-64E Apache Guardian in 2024|
|Boeing AH-64E Guardian||United States||Rotorcraft||Attack||2020||2||2|| A total of 50 aircraft are on order to replace the Apache AH1.|
|AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat||United Kingdom||Rotorcraft||Utility||2014||34||34|||
|Bell 212||Canada||Rotorcraft||Utility||1995||3||3|| Flown in Kenya by No. 25 Flight AAC, in support of TTB and BATUK|
|Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin II||France||Rotorcraft||Utility||2009||6||6||Six aircraft are in use with No. 658 Squadron AAC in support of 22 SAS. Two are in use with the Fleet Helicopter Support Unit (FHSU) for the Royal Navy.|
|Thales Watchkeeper WK450||United Kingdom||UAV||ISR||2014||49||50|||
|Westland Gazelle||United Kingdom||Rotorcraft||Patrol||1974||26||34|| Expected OSD 2025. Two additional units are currently undergoing work to bring them back into service|
The raiding craft in service with the British Army are operated in large numbers, predominately with the Royal Engineers and the Royal Logistic Corps, for supporting both bridging and amphibious operations. These craft are highly versatile and often find themselves serving in environments ranging from the Arctic to the tropics.
Four boats in service, operated by the Royal Logistic Corps as small tugs and general purpose work-boats in support of amphibious operations. They have a displacement of 48 tonnes and a maximum speed of 10 knots.
Mexeflotes are amphibious landing raft operated by the Royal Logistic Corps for amphibious operations and are designed to deliver both armoured vehicles and material from ship to shore. They are deployed on the 16,160 tonne Bay-class landing ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.
- 'The Future Integrated Soldier Technology is a suite of equipment capable of enhancing an infantryman's effectiveness as part of the Future Soldier program.
- The Scout SV known as "Ajax" in British service and its variants have been chosen to replace the CVR(T) family of vehicles. Ajax was due to go operational in 2019, however the first were delivered in early 2021. Issues have arisen around the Ajax platform and the project is currently (June 2022) under review.
- The MoD has a requirement for a new multi role vehicle under the Multi Role Vehicle-Protected. At DSEI 2015 General Dynamics UK announced that they would offer variants of their Ocelot (Foxhound) and Eagle vehicles for the requirement. In July 2017, the US DSCA notified the US Congress of a possible sale of 2,747 JLTV vehicles and accessories to the UK. As of Oct 2019 no decision had been made.
- The British Army wants to purchase 8x8 wheeled armoured fighting vehicles to replace the Mastiff and Ridgeback in British Service. This program used to be part of FRES UV, later named simply UV (Utility Vehicle) and now known as Mechanised Infantry Vehicle (MIV). This vehicle is intended to equip the 4 "heavy protected mobility" battalions under Army 2020 Refine. They will also be part of the two Strike Brigades proposed under the Strategic Defence and Security Review 2015. In 2018 the UK rejoined the Boxer AFV consortium and as of Oct. 2019 are in negotiations with a view to purchasing 500+ units. On 5 November 2019, it was announced that a £2.8 billion deal for 500 Boxer armoured vehicles had been signed. Deliveries would start in 2023.
- Senior army officers and procurement officials are looking at either upgrading the Challenger 2 or outright replacing it. At DSEI 2015, army officials expressed their concern with the Challenger 2's armament and its inevitable obsolescence in coming years. Other causes of concern are the Challenger's engine and electronics. The army stated that they had been in discussions with armoured fighting vehicle manufacturers about the future of the tank and its potential replacement. A later Defence News article said that the British Army would still proceed with its Challenger 2 LEP, citing that a replacement at the present would be too costly. On 22 December 2016, an assessment phase award was awarded to BAE Systems and Rheinmetall Land Systeme GmbH to progress the Challenger 2 Life Extension Project.
- Under the Non-Articulated Vehicle – Protected (NAV-P) program, the MoD is looking for a successor to the DROPS vehicles. This has resulted in a contract placed in 2018 for the conversion of 382 MAN HX77 Support Vehicles to carry the EPLS (Enhanced Palletised Load System) equipment. They are due to fully enter service in March 2021. The contract includes the conversion of 33 winterised/waterproofed versions
- The Army is currently in the process of receiving 56 Harris Corporation T7 EOD unmanned ground vehicles (UGV), procured by DE&S under Project Starter. These systems are due to fully enter service by December 2020, replacing the fleet of Wheelbarrow Mk.8Bs at the same time.
- The British MOD released a Request for Information for the Mobile Fires Platform, a new 155mm self-propelled howitzer to support the Armoured Infantry and Strike Brigades.
- A Prior Information Notice (PIN) was released for a successor to the Mobile Artillery Monitoring Battlefield Radar (MAMBA), Advanced Sound-ranging Post (ASP) and Counter-battery radar, all which will reach their out-out-service date in 2026.
- In July 2019, the UK issued a PIN notice for Directed Energy Weapon (DEW) demonstrators which could be mounted on army vehicles.
- A Robotic Platoon Vehicle (RPV) was pitched at DSEI 2019.
- In July 2021, a requirement for Colt Canada C8 rifles to serve as an Alternative Individual Weapon (AIW) System for the new Army Special Operations Brigade was issued.
- Other equipment lists
- List of communications and reconnaissance equipment of the British Army
- List of equipment of the Royal Marines
- Related articles
- Royal Engineers bridging and trackway equipment
- Unmanned systems of the British Army
- Army 2020 Refine
- List of British weapon L numbers
- "Deployments". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
- "Defence Factsheet: Urgent Operational Requirements (UOR)". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 27 March 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
- Moore, W. H. (Winter 2008). "The UOR Advantage". Defence Management Journal: 79.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (2009). Army Code No. 71882, Infantry Tactical Doctrine Volume 1, Pamphlet No. 3 Infantry Platoon Tactics.
- "Soldier Magazine September 2018". British Army. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
- "Combat Shotgun". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- Secretariat, Defence Equipment and Support (2 July 2019). "FOI2019/06669" (PDF). Whatdotheyknow. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
They have been replaced by the L84A3 red phosphorous (sic) smoke grenade
- "SpecterOS™ 4X sight by Raytheon ELCAN selected for UK MoD FIST programme" (Press release). Raytheon ELCAN Optical Technologies. 10 September 2009. Archived from the original on 11 April 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Ministry of Defence (17 January 2014). "New Army kit helps soldiers see more clearly". Gov.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Night Vision Devices". Elite UK Forces.info. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
- "Personal Role Radio". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- "Tactical Hearing Protection System (THPS) User Information" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
- "Service Inquiry - Death of a Soldier from a Gunshot Wound at Camp Taji, Iraq 2 January 2017" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk. 19 June 2019. p. 58.
- "Glock 17". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (2014). Army Code No. 71996, DCC Training Volume II, Skill at Arms (Personal Weapons), General Service Pistol L131A1.
- "Service Inquiry Death of a Soldier from a Gunshot Wound at Camp Taji, Iraq 2 January 2017" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk. 19 June 2019. p. 25.
- "New pistols for UK Armed Forces". Government of the United Kingdom and the Ministry of Defence. 11 January 2013.
- Neville, Leigh (2016). Guns of Special Forces 2001–2015. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military. ISBN 978-1-47382-106-4.
- "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 04 Feb 2014 (pt 0002)". publications.parliament.uk.
- "Request for Information" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk. 10 November 2018.
- Valpolini, Paolo (June 2009). "There are Two Types of Men in this World..." (PDF). Armada International. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (2012). "Royal Military Police train for close protection". Retrieved 20 June 2020.
Their main weapon is the 5.56mm C8 Colt Diemaco (L119A1), made in Canada. During training exercises, the recruits usually carry eight or ten magazines, each with 30 rounds. In addition, they will be armed with the Sig Sauer P229 pistol, in a holster worn on the thigh or chest.
- Tam, Hilton (12 January 2013). "British Military Adopts Glock 17". Modern Service Weapons.com. Archived from the original on 13 January 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Ministry of Defence (2004). Army Code No. 71807, Infantry Training Volume II, Pamphlet No. 5 The SA80 A2 (5.56 mm) System (Rifle, Light Support Weapon and Carbine) and Associated Equipment.
- Ministry of Defence (2011). Army Code No. 71807, Infantry Training Volume II, Pamphlet No. 5 The SA80 A2 (5.56 mm) System (Rifle, Light Support Weapon and Carbine) and Associated Equipment.
- Ministry of Defence (2015). Army Code No. 71807, Infantry Training Volume II, Pamphlet No. 5 The SA80 A2 (5.56 mm) System (Rifle, Light Support Weapon and Carbine) and Associated Equipment.
- "SA80 individual weapon". Army.mod.uk. Archived from the original on 10 December 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2009.
- Grant, Neil (2016). SA80 Assault Rifles. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-1104-2.
- Neville, Leigh (2015). The British Army in Afghanistan 2006–14: Task Force Helmand. Elite 205. Osprey Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 9781472806758.
- Steward, Oliver (5 January 2018). "L85A3: The rifle that refuses to give up". UK Defence Journal. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "British Army's rifle set for multi-million-pound upgrade". Ministry of Defence. 11 April 2018.
- Neville, Leigh (2019). The Elite: The A-Z of Modern Special Operations Forces. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1472824295.
- Tanner, James (2014). The British Army since 2000. Osprey. ISBN 978-1-78200-593-3.
- "L119A2 – Colt Canada C8 Upgrade". Think Defence. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
- Harding, Thomas (26 June 2009). "SAS parachuted in to Baghdad". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- Neville, Leigh (2019). The Elite: The A-Z of Modern Special Operations Forces. Osprey Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 978-1472824295.
- Neville, Leigh (2016). Guns of Special Forces 2001–2015. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military. p. 133. ISBN 978-1-47382-106-4.
- "L129A1 sharpshooter rifle". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "L129A1 (SSW) Rifle". RAF. Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
- "Are We Forever Stuck with the Bayonet?". Small Arms Defense Journal. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
- ISTEC Services. "Bayonet Adaptor". Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- "L115A3 Long range 'sniper' rifle". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- K-ISOM: Kommando – International Special Operations Magazine, Issue 5, May/June 2009.
- "Accuracy International AX50". ilinkJapan. Archived from the original on 10 March 2018. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- Gander, Terry (2006). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2006–2007. Jane's Information Group. p. 22. ISBN 0-7106-2755-6.
- Miller, David (2001). The Illustrated Directory of 20th Century Guns. London, UK: Salamander Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84065-245-1.
- McNab, Andy (2013). Bravo Two Zero (20th Anniversary ed.). London: Corgi. ISBN 978-0-552-16882-3.
- Ryan, Chris (2011). The One That Got Away. London: Arrow Books. ISBN 978-0-099-55667-1.
- "Light Machine Gun (LMG)". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- Galer, Andrew (15 March 2016). "British Army to review use of belt-fed weapons and light mortars". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 21 March 2016.
- "Out with old for infantry weapons". Soldier. British Army. August 2018. p. 16. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (1998). Army Code No. 71611, Infantry Tactical Doctrine Volume 1, Pamphlet No. 1 Infantry Company Group Fundamentals.
- "General Purpose Machine Gun". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- "Heavy machine gun". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- "Remington Model 870 Shotgun". Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "The Infantry – Small Arms in the Section". British Army. Archived from the original on 27 December 2005. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
- "Leading system supplier of 40mm weapons, ammunition and fire control technology" (PDF). Rheinmetall Defence. 13 September 2011.
- "L119A1/A2 Special Forces Individual Weapon (SFIW)". Elite UK Forces. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Grenade Machine Gun". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- BACTEC International Limited. "Potential Sources of Allied UXO" (PDF). WSP UK Limited. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 June 2020. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2018). "CEUK Demolition Stores Capability Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
New international regulations introducing taggants – microscopic identifiers – to the manufacturing process meant the UK MOD required a new generation of plastic explosive. The UK MOD identified that this was also the opportunity to replace its Second World War technology – where soldiers had to unwrap each stick of plastic explosive and, in many cases, tie them together – with a new product that was easier and quicker to use.
- "HEXOMAX is our new bulk plastic explosive". eurenco.com. 2013. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014.
- "Fast Cook off Test (FCO)" (PDF). ndiastorage.blob.core.usgovcloudapi.net. 2012. p. 14.
- "Picture of Demolition charge, Slab PE7, L21A1". cdn.globalauctionplatform.com.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (2015). "DIN Digest January 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2018). "CEUK Demolition Stores Capability Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2016). "PE8 Plastic Explosive" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2016). "Charge Demolition User Filled (Conical)" (PDF). Retrieved 16 June 2020.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2016). "Charge Demolition User Filled (Linear)" (PDF). Retrieved 16 June 2020.
- Mondial Defence Systems. "Charge Demolition Necklace L1A1" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2018). "CEUK Demolition Stores Capability Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- Chemring Group PLC. "Charge Demolition User Filled (CDUF) – Conical". Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- Chemring Group PLC. "Charge Demolition User Filled (CDUF) – Linear". Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (2012). "DIN Digest October 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 12 August 2018.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2018). "CEUK Demolition Stores Capability Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2016). "AP Bangalore Torpedo" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- Chemring Energetics UK (2011). "Advanced Performance Bangalore Torpedo" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (1980). Army Code No. 60777 Pt.1, Mine A/Tank HE Blast L9 L17 & L18 (Barmine), General Arrangement & Sectioned View.
- Gordon, Michael R.; Trainor, Bernard E. (1995). The Generals' War. Little, Brown and Co. pp. 369-360. ISBN 0-316-32100-1.
- "UK forces use explosives to save time, lives". DVIDS.
- "Spirco – Smoke hand grenade". Rheinmetall Defence. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
- "Agile Spirit 19: Close quarter battle range". DVIDS.
- "L109A1 HE fragmentation grenade". Twitter.com. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 26 Jul 1993". publications.parliament.uk.
- "What Do Assault Pioneers Do? | Forces TV" – via www.youtube.com.
- "81mm Mortar". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 7 March 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- "United Kingdom: British Army". ArmedForces.co.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "NLAW". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "Artillery and air defence". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
- "Shoulder launch: more than ever, light, shoulder-launched weapons are proving their worth in built-up areas". Armada International. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2019 – via TheFreeLibrary.com.
- Kemp, Ian (April–May 2006). "The law gets tougher: the shoulder-launched light anti-armour weapon has evolved to become a multipurpose assault weapon much in demand for asymmetric warfare". Armada International. ISSN 0252-9793. Retrieved 11 April 2019 – via TheFreeLibrary.com.
- "The Infantry – Support Weapons". British Army. Archived from the original on 27 December 2005. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
- "Javelin Medium Range Anti-tank Guided Weapon". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- "Preview of 45152581.jpg". defenceimagery.mod.uk. Ministry of Defence.
- "Revision to Supply State-of-the-Art Cobra Plus Head Protection System for UK Troops". Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- "New Virtus body armour for infantry troops". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Combat body armour (2016)". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- "Combat body armour (2014)". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "New helmets and armour for troops in Afghanistan". Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (2001). Army Code No. 71717, Infantry Training Volume 1, Pamphlet No. 2 Fieldcraft, Battle Lessons and Exercises.
- "The Infantry – Individual Equipment". British Army. Archived from the original on 27 December 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- "Operational use and regular deployment of the Enhanced Combat Body Armour ECBA" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk. 28 September 2015.
- "Request for information" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk. 21 May 2020.
- "Osprey Mk 4 Body Armour User Care and Assembly Instructions" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 May 2014.
- "MOD introduces pelvic protection for front line troops". GOV.UK.
- "Pelvic Protection System". Archived from the original on 12 October 2012.
- "309,228! Final respirator is handed over in £52 million contract" (PDF). DESider. No. 80. Ministry of Defence. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "New UK Forces Footwear – Brown Boots By Haix". Combat & Survival. 1 January 2013. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014.
- "Something for the Ladies – Alt-Berg's Female Lasts". Combat & Survival. 1 August 2013. Archived from the original on 29 January 2014.
- "Combat boots". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Ministry of Defence (23 July 2012). "Deal signed for new combat boots". Gov.uk. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- Bob Ainsworth, Minister for the Armed Forces (13 November 2007). "Armed Forces: Uniforms". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. col. 123W.
- Elliot, John; Main, Graeme (February 2008). "Kitstop: Walking Back to Happiness". Soldier. British Army. pp. 44–45.
- "Lowa, Magnum & Meindl UK Forces Combat Boots". Combat & Survival. 1 January 2012. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014.
- "What's in The Black Bag?" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. p. 26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Personal clothing". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (2015). Army Code No. 71717, Infantry Training Volume 1, Pamphlet No. 2 Fieldcraft, Battle Lessons and Exercises.
- "Request for a copy of the virtus equipment book" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk. 24 July 2018.
- "Light Role Infantry battalions and Regular – Reserve integration". UK Armed Forces Commentary. 8 August 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "3 PARA demonstrate airfield seizure skills". Ministry of Defence. 5 February 2015. Archived from the original on 8 January 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "American exercise marks airborne anniversary". Ministry of Defence. 25 March 2015. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "West Country Reservists in Cyprus exercise". Ministry of Defence. 27 May 2014. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Reservists in final training week of the year". Ministry of Defence. 8 December 2014. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "UK armed forces equipment and formations 2022". GOV.UK. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
- "Challenger 2 main battle tank". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Integrated Review: Defence Command Paper". Parliament. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
- "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 27 Jun 2012 (pt 0001)". publications.parliament.uk.
- Ministry of Defence (8 August 2019). "UK armed forces equipment and formations 2019". Gov.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "Spartan & CVR(T) vehicles". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Warrior infantry fighting vehicle". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Chuter, Andrew (22 March 2021). "Who are the winners and losers in Britain's new defense review?". Defense News. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
- "Bulldog & FV430 series". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Mastiff". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Wolfhound". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Jackal 2 armoured vehicle". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Coyote TSV (light)". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 4 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Foxhound". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "UK armed forces equipment and formations 2021". GOV.UK. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
- "Husky". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Philip Dunne, Minister for Defence Procurement (4 September 2013). "Written Answers: Defence: Armoured Fighting Vehicles". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. col. 404W.
- "RWMIK Land Rover". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "British Army Equipment Summary". ArmedForces.co.uk. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- Defence Equipment and Support. "Corporate Plan 2015–2018" (PDF). Gov.uk. p. 25. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Panther". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "L118 light gun". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "AS90 self-propelled gun". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "26th Regiment Royal Artillery". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Upgrades to Multiple Launch Rocket Systems Strengthen Deep Fires Capability". British Army. 31 March 2021. Archived from the original on 1 April 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
- "Rapier". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- weapons defence industry military technology UK. "British army unveils its new Sky Sabre air defense missile system | weapons defence industry military technology UK | analysis focus army defence military industry army". Armyrecognition.com. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "Starstreak high velocity missile". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
- Roblin, Sébastien (10 November 2016). "The British Army Secretly Sent Israeli Missiles to Iraq and Afghanistan". Medium. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Британский ракетный комплекс Exaсtor Mk 2" [British missile system Exactor Mk 2]. bmpd (in Russian). 11 August 2014. Archived from the original on 8 January 2016.
- "Artillery Soldier". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Centurion". Deagel.com. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "UK MoD contracts Babcock for Phalanx work". Shephard Media. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Trojan armoured vehicle". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Titan armoured bridge launcher". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Challenger armoured repair & recovery vehicle". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Terrier". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "BR90 bridge family". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Demountable rack offload & pickup system (DROPS)". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "First battle-critical vehicles delivered to British Army" (PDF). DESider. No. 126. Ministry of Defence. January 2019. p. 7. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Andrew Murrison, Minister for International Security Strategy (12 February 2014). "Written Answers: Armed Forces: Vehicles". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. col. 698W.
- "WWL ships JCB military excavators to the UK". Wallenius Wilhelmsen Logistics. 3 December 2010. Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Talisman heads to Army 2020" (PDF). DESider. No. 72. Ministry of Defence. May 2014. p. 40. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Force Protection Receives Multiple Buffalo Vehicle Orders". Business Wire. 13 November 2008. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Heavy equipment transporter". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Andrew Robathan, Minister for the Armed Forces (27 June 2012). "Written Answers: Armed Forces: Vehicles". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. col. 266W.
- "M3 Amphibious bridging vehicle". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Support vehicles". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Combat Service Support: The Royal Logistic Corps (RLC)". Armed Forces.co.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Land Rover battlefield ambulance". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Newest Munitions Disposal Vehicle Is Launched". Defence News. Ministry of Defence. 18 May 2007. Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "GD MOWAG's Duro Light Vehicle Family Racking Up Wins". Defense Industry Daily. 20 December 2005. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "AESP Details". Contracts Finder.[dead link]
- "C Vehicle Capability" (PDF). ALC Vehicles. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "British Army: Vehicles and Equipment" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Forces TV (8 March 2011). "Mean machines showcase recovery service for damaged combat vehicles 07.03.11". YouTube. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Quad Bikes". WhatDoTheyKnow. 21 May 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Quad bike". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- Connors, Shaun (9 April 2014). "Briefing: Wheels of the Elite". Jane's Defence Weekly. 51 (20). ISSN 0265-3818.
- "UKSF to evaluate General Dynamics' Flyer-72". Jane's International Defense Review. 47 (10). 1 October 2014.
- Dodd, Mark (14 May 2008). "Brits buy our army vehicles". The Australian. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
- "Mobility Troop – Bushmaster IMV". Elite UK Forces. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Neville (2011), p. 42
- Jane's Defence Weekly, 16 April 2014, p.26.
- Sommerville, Quentin (8 August 2016). "UK special forces pictured on the ground in Syria". BBC News. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Apache AH-64E heralds new era in modern British military aviation". British Army. 26 November 2020. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
- Scott, Richard (5 May 2022). "UK sets out scope for expanded Fleet Helicopter Support Unit". Janes.com. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
The FHSU service is delivered by British International Helicopters using two Airbus AS365 N2 Dauphin II helicopters.
- "Farnborough 2018: UK helicopters in Transition". DH – Defence Helicopter. Shephard Media. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "Assault boats & landing craft". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- Storm (WB41), Diablo (WB42), Mistral (WB43) and Sirocco (WB44)
- Bush, Steve (2014). British Warships and Auxiliaries. Maritime Books. pp. 94–95. ISBN 978-1904459552.
- "New targeting technology for troops in Afghanistan". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
- Foss, Christopher F.; de Larrinaga, Nicholas (21 September 2015). "DSEI 2015: General Dynamics outlines its proposal for MRV-P". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
- "Corporate Plan – 2016–2019" (PDF). Defence Equipment and Support. p. 23. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "United Kingdom – Joint Light Tactical Vehicles (JLTV) and Accessories". Defense Security Cooperation Agency. 10 July 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
- Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence (15 December 2016). "Strategic Defence and Security Review – Army: Written statement – HCWS367". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons.
- "SDSR 2015 Defence Fact Sheets" (PDF). Gov.uk. 1 November 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
- "BOXER for the British Army". army.mod.uk. 5 November 2019.
- Ripley, Tim (20 September 2015). "DSEI 2015: British Army considers new MBT in response to Russia's Armata". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 1 December 2015.
- Chuter, Andrew (11 October 2015). "UK Army To Extend Life of Challenger 2; New Tank Too Costly". Defense News. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Ministry of Defence (22 December 2016). "MOD awards £46M to start Challenger 2 Tank life extension project competition". Gov.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Rafferty, P. S. "UK MOD Land vehicle support and modernization initiatives" (PDF). DTIC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "First cutting-edge bomb disposal production models delivered to British Army under Project Starter" (PDF). DESider. No. 127. Ministry of Defence. February 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Turnbull, Grant (2 April 2019). "UK releases RFI for new self-propelled howitzer". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "United Kingdom-Bristol: Intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance 2019/S 125-307119 Prior information notice for contracts in the field of defence and security Supplies". ted.europa.eu. Ted.Tenders.Electronic.Daily. 2 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
The existing weapon locating capabilities: Mobile Artillery Monitoring Battlefield Radar (MAMBA), Advanced Sound-ranging Post (ASP) and the Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar (LCMR) reach their OSD in 2026.
- "MOD to develop cutting-edge laser and radio frequency weapons". gov.uk. 9 July 2019.
- Rovery, Melanie (17 September 2019). "HIPPO Multipower pitches ATSV-E for British Army's RPV programme". IHS Janes. London. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
- "701577419 - Army Special Operations Brigade Rifle Procurement and Support of an Armalite Rifle (AR) platform Alternative Individual Weapon (AIW) System. - Find a Tender".